Researchers looked at medical records of about 370 African Americans who got BMT for a blood cancer, such as leukemia, lymphoma or myelodysplastic syndrome. There were two types of transplants: half-matched (haploidentical) or cord blood.
What are half-matched and cord blood transplants?
- A half-matched donor is usually your mom, your dad or your child; and sometimes your brother or sister.
- Umbilical cord blood is donated after a baby is born. Cord blood is often thrown away. But, it can be donated and used for a life-saving transplant.
Which kind is better?
This might be because the people who got a half-matched transplant also got a medicine to called cyclophosphamide, which prevents GVHD. This medicine is not usually used with cord blood.
Another group of researchers is studying whether this medicine can be used with cord blood.
Keep in mind
Also, it’s helpful for people of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds to consider donating blood and marrow, so more people can find a matched donor.